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An Effective Strategy for Improving Physical & Mental Health

Danielle Black, Ph.D. • October 01, 2008

Jon Kabat-Zinn (2003) defines mindfulness as “The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment by moment” (p.145). Although mindfulness originated from Eastern meditation practices and is considered the heart of Buddhism, Western scientists began studying its usefulness for improving physical and mental health in the mid-1970s. The first mindfulness-based stress reduction program was introduced to the psychological field by Kabat-Zinn in 1997.

Kabat-Zinn’s mindfulness-based stress reduction program was developed to reduce suffering in medical patients. As empirical evidence accumulated supports its effectiveness, experts began developing mindfulness-based treatments for a variety of physical and psychological problems.

References & Citations

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