Implications for Treatment, Prevention & Research
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) refers to deliberate, socially unacceptable destruction of one's own body tissue performed without the intention to die. Research shows that about 1 in 25 adults has engaged in NSSI, but rates are significantly higher among adolescents: around 1 in 5 engage in NSSI, and among adolescents hospitalized for psychiatric issues, rates are considerably higher (40-80%) (Muehlenkamp, Claes, Havertape, & Plener, 2012; Klonsky & Muehlenkamp, 2007). Given the high prevalence of NSSI, especially among adolescents, it is essential for mental health providers to be familiar with NSSI, know its risk factors, understand its functions, and be able to provide effective treatments.
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